While I was searching for meaningful images to place through Dad’s story, I can across the image below which matches exactly the medals my Dad has. I remember asking him about them when I was young but, he always shrugged them off as nothing,
From left to right they are;
The 39-45 Star :
The Star was awarded for six months service on active operations for Army and Navy, and two months for active air-crew between 02 September 1939 and 08 May 1945 (Europe) or 02 September 1945 (Pacific). Canadians received 305,000 stars, 88 with bars
The France and Germany Star:
The Star was awarded for one day or more of service in France, Belgium, Holland or Germany between 06 June 1944 (D-Day) and 08 May 1945. There were 230,000 stars issued to Canadians.
The Defence Medal :
A circular, silver (.800 fine) medal, 1.42 inches in diameter. The British issue medals were made of cupro-nickel.
Although the medal was usually awarded to Canadians for six months service in Britain between 03 September 1939 and 08 May 1945, the exact terms were: Service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closely threatened, providing such service lasted for three or more years. Service overseas or outside the country of residence, providing that such service lasted for one year, except in territories threatened by the enemy or subject to bomb attacks, in which case it was six months prior to 02 September 1945. Under the terms of this last condition, Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. The qualifying period in mine and bomb disposal was three months. Canadians serving in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified for this medal. Those awarded the GC or GM for civil defence received this medal. Home Guard and others in Britain qualified for this medal. There were 325,000 medals issued to Canadians.
The Voluntary Medal with bar:
A circular, silver medal (.925 fine silver), 1.42 inches in diameter
The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal is granted to persons of any rank in the Naval, Military or Air Forces of Canada who voluntarily served on Active Service and have honourably completed eighteen months (540 days) total voluntary service from September 3, 1939 to March 1, 1947. A silver bar (often called a clasp), a maple leaf at its centre was awarded for 60 days service outside Canada. A silver maple leaf is worn on the ribbon in undress. There were 1,183,000 eligible, with 650,000 medals and 525,500 bars awarded.
The War Medal 1939-45 :
A circular, (.800 fine) silver medal, 1.42 inches in diameter. The British issue medals were made of cupro-nickel. The War Medal was awarded to all full-time personnel of the armed forces and merchant marines for serving for 28 days between 03 September 1939 and 02 September 1945. In the Merchant Navy, the 28 days must have been served at sea. There were 700,000 issued, including 4,450 to the Canadian Merchant Marine